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Skin disorders vary greatly in symptoms and severity. They can be temporary or permanent, and may be painless or painful. Some have situational causes, while others may be genetic. Some skin conditions are minor, and others can be life-threatening.
Acne is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that causes spots and pimples, especially on the face, shoulders, back, neck, chest, and upper arms. It commonly occurs during puberty, when the sebaceous glands activate, but it can occur at any age. It is not dangerous, but it can leave skin scars.
The glands produce oil and are stimulated by male hormones produced by the adrenal glands in both males and females. At least 85 percent of people experience acne between the ages of 12 and 24 years.
Risk factors include genetics, the menstrual cycle, anxiety and stress, hot and humid climates, using oil-based makeup, and squeezing pimples.
No one factor causes acne. Acne occurs when sebaceous (oil) glands attached to the hair follicles are stimulated at the time of puberty or due to other hormonal changes.
Sebum (oil) is a natural substance that lubricates and protects the skin. Associated with increased oil production is a change in the manner in which the skin cells mature, predisposing them to plug the follicular pore.
The plugged hair follicle gradually enlarges, producing a bump. As the follicle enlarges, the wall may rupture, allowing irritating substances and normal skin bacteria access into the deeper layers of the skin, ultimately producing inflammation. Inflammation near the skin’s surface produces a pustule; deeper inflammation results in a papule (pimple).
Food: Parents often tell teens to avoid pizza, greasy and fried foods, and junk food. While these foods may not be good for overall health, they don’t play an important causal role in acne. Although some recent studies have implicated a high-carbohydrate diet, milk, and pure chocolate in aggravating acne, these findings are far from established facts.
Stress: Some people get so upset by their pimples that they pick at them and make them last longer. Stress, however, does not play much of a direct role in causing acne.
Heredity: If one of your parents had severe acne, it is likely that your acne will be more difficult to control.Pressure: In some patients, pressure from helmets, chin straps, collars, suspenders, and the like can aggravate acne.
Drugs: Some medications may cause or worsen acne, such as those containing iodides, bromides, or oral or injected steroids (either the medically prescribed prednisone, Deltasone, Orasone, Prednicen-M, Liquid Pred or the steroids that bodybuilders or athletes sometimes take.
Hyperpigmentation is a condition that causes the skin to darken. It can occur in small patches, cover large areas, or affect the entire body. This condition usually isn’t harmful, but it can be a symptom of another medical condition.
There are several types of hyperpigmentation:
Darkened areas of the skin are the only symptoms of hyperpigmentation. Patches can vary in size and can develop anywhere on the body.Sun exposure can increase melanin production. Greater exposure to the sun increases the risk of developing hyperpigmentation.
A common cause of hyperpigmentation is an excess production of melanin. Melanin is a pigment that gives skin its color. And it’s produced by skin cells called melanocytes. Several different conditions or factors can alter the production of melanin in the body.
Certain medications can cause hyperpigmentation. Also, some chemotherapy drugs can cause hyperpigmentation as a side effect.
Pregnancy changes hormone levels and can affect melanin production in some women.
Endocrine diseases, like Addison’s disease, disrupt hormone levels and can increase melanin production. Excessive sun exposure can also cause an increase in melanin.
At Dr. Bhushan’s PRO-LIFE Homeopathy Clinic, we observe holistic approach while following patient’s constitution, emotional factors and disposition before prescribing a remedy. Psoriasis treatment at Dr. Bhushan’s PRO-LIFE Homeopathy Clinic not only aims at relieving the symptoms, but treats the root cause to control psoriasis. Homeopathy is highly effective in treatment of psoriasis without any side effects and our patients are highly satisfied with our treatment modalities.
Irritated skin can be caused by a variety of factors. These include immune system disorders, medications and infections. When an allergen is responsible for triggering an immune system response, then it is known as allergic skin condition. Itching, redness and swelling are common to most skin allergies.
Atopic dermatitis (eczema) is a condition that makes your skin red and itchy. It’s common in children but can occur at any age. Atopic dermatitis is long lasting (chronic) and tends to flare periodically. It may be accompanied by asthma or hay fever.
Itchy, red or dry skin. There may be may leak fluid that crusts over when scratched, which means that it is also infected.
In infants, eczema often appears on the face. Children are prone to have the rash at the bends of the elbow joint, wrists, behind the knees and behind the ears. Adolescents and young adults typically have the rash in the same locations as children, as well as on the hands and feet.
In children where the skin is oozing, crusting and painful, an infection that needs treatment with antibiotics may be the primary trigger.
Infants and young children with more severe eczema should be evaluated for food allergy. It’s important to see an allergist / immunologist for diagnosis and management. It is often needed to receive input from a dietitian as well.
Food allergies causing eczema are much less common in older children and adults. If you are suspected of having eczema that is caused by a food allergy, a confirmed diagnosis requires avoiding the trigger food for about four weeks with the help of a dietitian before doing a food challenge under your doctor’s supervision to confirm that the food was actually causing the flare.
Psoriasis is a chronic skin disorder, which is characterized by red or white silvery scaly patches which may or may not be associated with itching and tenderness. Though Psoriasis is not a life-threatening disease, it increases your risk of several health conditions like Diabetes, Heart attack, Psoriatic Arthritis and others. Hence treating Psoriasis is very essential. Homeopathy plays a proven role in effective treatment of Psoriasis. It not just controls the symptoms but also provides long-term relief by treating root cause of the condition.
Psoriasis occurs when there is an excessive and rapid growth of epidermal layer of the skin (top most layer of the skin). Normally skin cells are replaced by shedding with new cells for every 28 to 30 days, but in Psoriasis it may occur for every 3-4 days, due to premature proliferation of keratinocytes which are produced from dermis ( 2nd layer of Skin) leading to formation of silvery and scaly patches with exfoliation of skin.
Certain factors which trigger the onset of psoriasis includes chronic infections, hereditary, stress, climacteric and seasonal changes, alcohol consumption, smoking , obesity, over exposure to sun, certain therapies (pain killers, anti-hypertensives) and people with advanced HIV often exhibit Psoriasis.
Factors that may trigger psoriasis include:
Urticaria is itchy, red and white raised bumps or welts that range in size and can appear anywhere on the body. Angioedema often appears on the face around the eyes, cheeks or lips. This deeper layer of swelling can also occur on hands, feet, genitals, or inside the bowels or throat. In acute urticaria, the welts disappear within minutes to a few weeks. Chronic hives last for months or even years.
In the majority of chronic cases, the exact cause cannot be determined. There are certain instances when allergy testing is helpful, especially when eating a particular food or coming in contact with a particular substance triggers symptoms of acute hives.
Ringworm (tinea or dermatophytosis) is a type of fungal infection of the skin that actually has nothing to do with worms. The infection can occur just about anywhere on the body and has different names depending on which part of the body it affects. Ringworm is a superficial fungal infection that doesn’t cause disease below the surface of the skin.
The symptoms tend to appear between 4 and 14 days after the skin comes into contact with the fungi that cause ringworm.
Ringworm typically starts out as red or pink skin patches (or spots) that may be either flat or slightly raised. In this initial stage, the sores may be moist, but more often they’re dry, scaly, and itchy.
Over time, the rash will increase in size. Next, the center of the rash will start to clear up, leaving a ring-shaped infection with a red, raised border and a healthy-looking center (although the center may remain scaly and red).
If you scratch the rash you may break the skin, which could lead to a bacterial infection.
And if you immediately touch other areas of your body after scratching, you may also inadvertently spread the ringworm infection. So treating at the first sign of infection is vital.
Symptoms of ringworm can be different depending on the specific part of the body that’s affected:
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