There are a number of suggested remedies that people with a UTI can try at home.

Drinking fluids and urinating frequently can help flush bacteria from the body. Using a heated pad for short periods can help to relieve discomfort.

Cranberry extracts do not help treat existing UTIs but may help prevent their development.

This is because cranberries contain compounds called proanthocyanidins. That prevent E. coli from sticking to the walls of the digestive and urinary tracts.

In a large meta-analysis, researchers found that women with recurrent. UTIs who took cranberry over 12 months had a 35 percent reduction in infections.

Another large clinical trial found that 500 milligrams (mg) of cranberry extract taken daily for 6 months reduced. The rate of UTI to the same extent as 100 mg of trimethoprim, an antibiotic. Without posing a risk of antimicrobial resistance or super-infection in women with recurrent UTIs.

Cranberry extract tablets appear to be twice as effective as cranberry juice for preventing UTIs, which may be due in part to the sugar content of cranberry juice. Cranberry extracts also contain anthocyanins and salicylic acid. This may have a painkilling and anti-inflammatory effect that can help alleviate UTI symptoms.

The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada recommend cranberry products to prevent recurrent UTIs, but not for use in active UTIs.

Cranberry extract tablets are available to purchase online. Speaking to a doctor is recommended, to determine the suitability of these tablets.

Changes in the bacterial balance of the genitourinary tract can increase the likelihood of colonization by organisms such as E. coli. Regular use of probiotics may help reduce the risk of UTIs, especially after a course of antibiotics.

Probiotics are available online as food products, such as yogurts, and supplements.

In particular, Bifidobacterium longum has shown an ability to prevent undesirable bacteria sticking to the walls of the intestinal tract, in addition to enhancing the production of natural antibacterial chemicals and organic acids, thereby reducing the likelihood of UTI.